Essay About World Food Day
|World Food Day|
World Food Day 2009
|Observed by||All UN Member States|
|Next time||16 October 2018 (2018-10-16)|
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. The day is celebrated widely by many other organisations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
The World Food Day theme for 2014 was Family Farming: "Feeding the world, caring for the earth"; in 2015 it was "Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty"; in 2016 it is Climate Change: "Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too", which echoes the theme of 2008, and of 2002 and 1989 before that..
World Food Day (WFD) was established by FAO's Member Countries at the Organization's 20th General Conference in November 1979. The Hungarian Delegation, led by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food Dr. Pál Romány, played an active role at the 20th Session of the FAO Conference and suggested the idea of celebrating the WFD worldwide. It has since been observed every year in more than 150 countries, raising awareness of the issues behind poverty and hunger.
Since 1981, World Food Day has adopted a different theme each year in order to highlight areas needed for action and provide a common focus.
Most of the themes revolve around agriculture because only investment in agriculture – together with support for education and health – will turn this situation around. The bulk of that investment will have to come from the private sector, with public investment playing a crucial role, especially in view of its facilitating and stimulating effect on private investment.
In spite of the importance of agriculture as the driving force in the economies of many developing countries, this vital sector is frequently starved of investment. In particular, foreign aid to agriculture has shown marked declines over the past 20 years.
- 1981: Food comes first
- 1982: Food comes first
- 1983: Food security
- 1984: Women in agriculture
- 1985: Rural poverty
- 1986: Fishermen and fishing communities
- 1987: Small farmers
- 1988: Rural youth
- 1989: Food and the environment
- 1990: Food for the future
- 1991: Trees for life
- 1992: Food and nutrition
- 1993: Harvesting nature's diversity
- 1994: Water for life
- 1995: Food for all
- 1996: Fighting hunger and malnutrition
- 1997: Investing in food security
- 1998: Women feed the world
- 1999: Youth against hunger
- 2000: A millennium free from hunger
- 2001: Fight hunger to reduce poverty
- 2002: Water: source of food security
- 2003: Working together for an international alliance against hunger
- 2004: Biodiversity for food security
- 2005: Agriculture and intercultural dialogue
- 2006: Investing in agriculture for food security
- 2007: The right to food
- 2008: World food security: the challenges of climate change and bioenergy
- 2009: Achieving food security in times of crisis
- 2010: United against hunger
- 2011: Food prices - from crisis to stability
- 2012: Agricultural cooperatives – key to feeding the world
- 2013: Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition
- 2014: Family Farming: "Feeding the world, caring for the earth"
- 2015: "Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty"
- 2016: Climate change: "Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too"
- 2017: Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development.
In over 150 countries, events mark World Food Day. Examples of events across the world held in recent years are listed.
World Food Day is celebrated in honour of the date of the founding of the FAO of the United Nations in 1945. It is also now considered as Food Engineers’ Day.
United States of America
World Food Day has been a tradition in the United States since the first World Food Day in 1982. In the United States the endeavor is sponsored by 450 national, private voluntary organizations. One example for World Food Day events is the World Food Day Sunday Dinners that Oxfam America sponsors in collaboration with several other non profits. Emeritus Archbishop Desmond Tutu and author Francis Moore Lappe have teamed up with Oxfam America to promote World Food Day Sunday Dinners. The Iowa Hunger Summit has been held on or near World Food Day since 2007, and is organized by the World Food Prize in conjunction with their annual symposium in Des Moines, Iowa.
In Italy, ministries, universities, research agencies, international agencies, and NGOs have organized many conferences as well as exhibitions and symposia. The Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Policies organized a meeting which focused on women's rights in rural areas in 2005.
In Germany, the Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture have all become involved via press conferences. Spanish television has been active in broadcasting events. FAO Goodwill Ambassador – Spanish soccer star Raul – has taken part in events and helped highlight food-security issues across his country.
The UK Food Group has also been active through conferences and media broadcasts. In the emerging economies of Eastern Europe – i.e., Albania, Armenia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovak Republic – a variety of activities have been held.
In Hungary, renowned experts have given presentations in the Hungarian Agricultural Museum and FAO, and WFD medals have been awarded to well-known Hungarian experts by the FAO Sub-Regional Representative.
On behalf of the Holy See, Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI have sent an annual message for food producers and consumers on World Food Day.
Angola celebrated WFD in 2005 through the 4th Forum on Rural Women, while in Burundi the second Vice-President planted potatoes to provide a symbolic example about food production. In Central African Republic, the President of the Republic has inaugurated a bridge at Boda to coincide with World Food Day, making the agricultural production area more accessible.
In Chad, thousands of people have attended debates, conferences and activities including theatre, films, folk dance, visits to project sites and visits by agricultural companies.
In Ghana, the Ministry of Food and Agriculture has hosted a food security conference, while Namibia has run an awareness campaign through national media.
In Botswana, the National Food technology research center recently exhibited its products and services at the World Food Day commemoration held at Kalakamati Farm on 19 October 2017.
Egypt has hosted a Forum on nutrition issues. Morocco and Tunisia have held seminars and exhibitions. In Nigeria, organizations and individuals involved in feeding programs (e.g. Foodbank Nigeria) connect with other stakeholders in food production, agro-allied industries, wholesalers and community-based organizations to address food security challenges. For example, since 2009, Northern Nigeria is unstable. According to the humanitarian organisation Action Against Hunger (AAH), the ongoing and deepening humanitarian crisis in Northeast Nigeria has led to the displacement of over 1.5 million people, causing four million people to experience acute food insecurity and be in need of humanitarian assistance (Action Against Hunger). Since 2010, the AAH have been working with both "national agencies" and "local communities" to build capacity to treat deadly malnutrition caused by food insecurity (Action Against Hunger).
The Government of Bangladesh has been involved through organizing a food festival; in China in 2005, celebrations were organized in Qujing City, where numerous ethnical minorities live, by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Government of Qujing City, with the participation of a number of senior officials of the Government.
In the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, seminars have been held and visits made to various project sites. The Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia has in the past organized a major Food Expo in Bandung, West Java, while a Farmers' and Fishermen's Workshop of NGOs was held in Bali.
In Armenia, staff from the Ministry of Agriculture, non-governmental organizations, Armenian State Agriculture University, the donor community, international organizations, and the mass media have participated in the World Food Day ceremony. In Afghanistan, representatives of Ministries, embassies, UN agencies, International Financial Organizations, National and International NGOs, and FAO staff have attended the World Food Day ceremony.
In Cyprus, special ceremonies have been organized in primary and secondary schools, where teachers explained the significance of World Food Day.
In Pakistan, a Society Named as MAPS (Mentor Amiable Professional Society) celebrates world food day by providing food packages to poor & née-dies and tells the importance of food to the people by organizing workshops.
In Philippines on October 16, 2015, writer and realty entrepreneur Wilson Lee Flores started celebrating "World Pandesal Day" at the non-partisan Pandesal Forum of his popular Kamuning Bakery Cafe in Judge Jimenez Street corner K-1st Street, Quezon City. He and celebrities like GMA Network, Inc. Chairman Atty. Felipe Gozon, Senator Sonny Angara and actor Dingdong Dantes gave away 30,000 "pugon" or wood-fired brick oven breads plus other gifts to urban poor families. In 2016, he repeated this civic project with celebrities like Quezon City Vice-Mayor Joy Belmonte and business leader Dr. James Dy of the Philippine Chinese Charitable Association, plus undertaking free medical, dental and optical missions for urban poor families.
On October 16, 2017, Wilson Lee Flores increased gifts to urban poor families to 50,000 pugon-baked breads, Mega sardines, King Sue hams, Fly Ace and Hobe noodles, OK Koolers juices, plus two dates for free medical, dental and optical missions on October 8 and October 29. Special guests at this 3rd "World Pandesal Day" were led by Supreme Court Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno, Vice-President Leni Robredo and Philippine National Police (PNP) chief General Ronald Dela Rosa accompanied by Quezon City senior superintendent Guillermo Eleazar.
In Chile, exhibitions of indigenous food products have been prepared by local communities.
In Argentina, senior officials of the Government, academics, international organizations and the press have participated in the main ceremony. In Mexico in 2005, a National Campaign for a "Mexico Without Hunger" was held, with the involvement and support of civil society and students.
In Cuba, producers have been able to exchange views and experiences at an agricultural fair. The media strongly supports awareness campaigns on World Food Day.
In Venezuela, there has been national coverage of events.
World Food Day is celebrated every year across the world on 16th October. It’s an annual celebration in the honor of the founding date of the Food and Agriculture Organization launched by the United Nations in the year 1945. World Food Day is celebrated widely with great enthusiasm by several other organizations which are concerned with food security such as the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Food Program, and others.
World Food Day 2018
World Food Day 2018 will be celebrated across the globe on 16th of October, Tuesday.
History of World Food Day
World Food Day (WFD) was established by the member countries of FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) in November 1979, at the organization’s 20th General Conference. Dr. Pal Romany, the Hungarian Delegation led by the then Minister of Hungary for Agriculture and Food, played a significant role at the 20th General Conference of the FAO and proposed the idea of launching the WFD worldwide. Since then, the WFD is been observed in more than 150 countries every year; raising consciousness and knowledge of the problems and reasons behind hunger and poverty.
Why World Food Day is Celebrated
The principal reason behind launching and celebrating world food day is to secure and advance the food security across the world, particularly in days of the crisis. The commencement of the Food and Agriculture organization by the United Nations has played a significant role in making this possible and accomplishing the goal.
The annual celebration of world food day represent the significance of the Food and Agriculture Organization; it also helps in increasing awareness of the crucial need for effective agriculture and food policies to be implemented by governments across the world to ensure there is sufficient food available for everyone worldwide.
How World Food Day is Celebrated in India
World Food Day was established in honor of the founding date of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations launched in 1945. Now it is also considered as Food Engineers’ Day. In India, the day marks the significance of agriculture and emphasizes on the fact that the produced and consumed by the Indians is safe and healthy. The world food day is celebrated with great enthusiasm in India; several sincere lovers of food in Delhi joined hands and vowed to keep their food hygienic and safe. They opposed the introduction of GM (genetically modified) crops in India. People in Delhi celebrate the occasion at Craft museum of Dastakar Mela; they make rangoli and perform street plays and acts on the matter of genetic modification.
In India, World Food Day is the occasion, through which several non-voluntary organizations highlight the importance of eating healthy food and avoiding fast food in urban India. Volunteers also stage street plays demanding public consultation on BRAI (Biotechnology regulatory Authority of India) bill. It is one of the biggest dangers to our food safety as it is being proposed to promote the introduction of Genetically Modified crops in India.
Suggestions for Celebrating World Food Day in India in Better Way
India is a vast country with diverse culture and tradition. The tradition varies from state to state and different festivals are celebrated in different styles in each state, but food is the common element at every celebration. Varieties of food items get prepared, eaten and distributed amongst the families and friends as rituals. Marriage is also one of the most important occasions for Indians and various food items get prepared and leftover gets wasted. Such families may preserve extra food and distribute the same to the poor and needy ones; this will make a lot of difference as no food would get wasted and hungry may be fed. Private companies and Government organizations may run a scheme where a certain percentage of salary get deducted from those employees who voluntarily want to donate for the food bank and such money collected may be utilized at the times of natural calamities, disasters, etc.
Focus on Different Aspects
In the past few years, World Food Day has been using the annual celebration as a platform to concentrate on various other aspects of agriculture and food security such as biodiversity, climate change, and fishing communities.
Themes of World Food Day
Since 1981, World Food Day started adopting different celebration theme each year for highlighting common areas of concerns which needed attention and action. Majority of the themes rotate around farming and agriculture because it is been considered that only investment in agriculture along with support for health and education will be able to turn this situation around. The bulk of such investment must come from the private sector and public investment for promoting agriculture and mitigate the problem related to food and hunger such as deficiency of food, etc.
- The theme of World Food Day 2017: “Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2016: “Climate change: Climate is changing, Food and agriculture must too”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2015: “Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2014: “Family Farming: “Feeding the world, caring for the earth”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2013: “Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2012: “Agricultural cooperatives “key to feeding the world”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2011: “Food prices from crisis to stability”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2010: “United against hunger”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2009: “Achieving food security in times of crisis”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2008: “World food security: the challenges of climate change and bioenergy”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2007: “The right to food”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2006: “Investing in agriculture for food security”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2005: “Agriculture and intercultural dialogue”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2004: “Biodiversity for food security”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2003: “Working together for an international alliance against hunger”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2002: “Water: source of food security”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2001: “Fight hunger to reduce poverty”.
- The theme of World Food Day 2000: “A millennium free from hunger”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1999: “Youth against hunger”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1998: “Women feed the world”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1997: “Investing in food security”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1996: “Fighting hunger and malnutrition”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1995: “Food for all”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1994: “Water for life”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1993: “Harvesting nature’s diversity”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1992: “Food and Nutrition”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1991: “Trees for life”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1990: “Food for the future”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1989: “Food and the environment”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1988: “Rural youth”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1987:“Small farmers”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1986: “Fishermen and fishing communities”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1985: “Rural poverty”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1984: “Women in agriculture”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1983: “Food Security”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1982: “Food comes first”.
- The theme of World Food Day 1981: “Food comes first”.
How World Food Day is Celebrated Worldwide
World Food Day is celebrated through various events across the world. Some of the examples of events held in recent years across the world are as follows:
The United States of America
World Food Day has been a custom in the United States ever since it was established for the first time in the year 1981. In the United States, this great work is sponsored by approximately by 450 private, national and voluntary organizations. Various events are been organized at these organizations; one of such notable examples for the celebration is the World Food Day Sunday Dinners sponsored by Oxfam America in association with several other non-profit organizations. Author Francis Moore Lappe and Emeritus Archbishop Desmond Tutu have teamed up with Oxfam America for promoting World Food Day Sunday Dinners. The Iowa Hunger Summit was held since 2007 around World Food Day; it has been organized by the World Food Prize in association with their yearly symposium in Des Moines, Iowa.
The United Kingdom
Every year FareShare celebrates World Food Day marking the importance of saving food and eliminating food wastage. FareShare is a charity organization established to eliminate hunger from the life of needy people. The organization aims at reducing food poverty and minimizing food waste in the UK. Fareshare does this by preserving surplus food of good quality which would otherwise have been wasted; the charity sends such food to over 2000 different charities and communities across the United Kingdom for further distribution amongst the poor people.
Elimination of imbalance between hunger and food waste is at the center of FareShare’s work. Through World Food Day, Fareshare encourages everyone to acknowledge that people having sufficient food to eat and influences everyone to take action and help those people who do not have enough food to eat. There are many poor people in the UK who have to worry about their next meal. Food saved through Fareshare reaches the less privileged women, men and children who are the victims of natural calamity, mishaps, war veterans, victims of domestic violence. Fareshare also helps people living below the poverty line, homeless people, people fighting against drug and alcohol addiction, older people suffering from isolation, and low income people who struggle each day to arrange food.
On the World Food Day, Spanish television gets active with the broadcasting events. Spanish soccer star and the Goodwill Ambassador of FAO, Raul has taken part in many events and has helped in highlighting food-security issues throughout his country. In Germany, Food and Agriculture Ministry, Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, etc get involved through press conferences.
In Italy, various NGOs, international agencies, research institutes, universities, and ministries have organized several conferences, exhibitions and symposia. In 2005, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Policies in Italy organized a meeting that focused on the rights of the women in rural areas.
The UK Food Group has also remained active through media broadcasts and conferences. Hungary celebrates World Food Day by inviting distinguished experts to deliver presentations in the Hungarian Agricultural Museum and Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Day awards have been given to renowned Hungarian experts by the Sub-Regional representative of the FAO. Various activities are held in the rising economies of the Eastern Europe including countries such as Slovak Republic, Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia, Moldova, Hungary, Georgia, Czech Republic, Croatia, Armenia and Albania.
Australia celebrates World Food Day to help needy people fight hunger. During World Food Day and the days around it, several Australians take part in Eat Local Feed Global organized by Oxfam. An affiliate of Oxfam International, Oxfam Australia is an Australian community-based, not-for-profit, independent and secular aid and development organization. The works of Oxfam Australia include continuing development projects that respond to the emergencies and aim to improve the lives of disadvantaged people worldwide.
Every year on the With World Food Day, several Oxfam supporters prepare for the Eat Local Feed Global feast and activities with the aim to help people fight hunger and poverty overseas. Eat Local Feed Global is held for increasing awareness about discrimination in the food system globally and increase money for life changing work done by Oxfam.
In Canada, the biggest World Food Day occasion is celebrated in Langley, British Columbia arranged by society ‘Food for Famine’ (FFF). FFF is a humanitarian society aimed to save the lives of those children who are under five years of age suffering from SAM (Severe Acute Malnutrition)
Every year on the World Food Day, Canada hosts several world-famous speakers and opens the door to numerous exhibitors. Many people join the movement and enjoy a comprehensive and stimulating knowledge on different topics including new advancement in agriculture, initiatives related to solving poverty and world hunger and many more issues related to food security and healthy eating. Participants enjoy complimentary lunch and various other activities.
The Mentor Amiable Professional Society, a Society popularly known as MAPS in Pakistan celebrates WFD by offering food packages to poor & needy people; the society also explains to the people importance of food and its security through various food workshops.
Cyprus makes the children also aware of the importance of food security by organizing special festivals in schools including primary and secondary, where teachers inform the significance of World Food Day to the children.
Bangladesh Government has been involved in celebrating World Food Day by organizing food festivals. In 2005, World Food Day was celebrated in China with great zeal; food festival was organized by the Ministry of Agriculture in Qujing City, where numerous ethnical minorities live. Many local people participated in the food festival as well as a number of senior Government officials, NGOs and organizations.
The Afghani representatives of embassies, Ministries, International Financial Organizations, National and International NGOs, UN agencies and the staff of FAO have attended the World Food Day ceremony held in Afghanistan.
In order to celebrate the WFD in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, different seminars have been held and various project sites have been visited. In Indonesia, the Ministry of Agriculture has organized a major Food Expo in West Java and Bandung; in Bali, a Farmers’ and Fishermen’s meeting with NGOs was organized.
In Armenia, WFD has been celebrated by different communities including Governmental and non-governmental; staff from the Ministry of Agriculture, Armenian State Agriculture University, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, the donor community and the mass media have participated in the World Food Day observance.
The Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Ghana has organized a food security conference and Namibia has run an awareness program through national media.
Angola celebrated World Food Day through the 4th Forum on Rural Women in 2005; in Burundi, the second Vice-President marked the event by planting potatoes to give a symbolic example about the production of food. The President of the Central African Republic inaugurated a bridge at Boda in the honor of the World Food Day; this facilitated the agricultural production area easily reachable.
Egypt has organized a debate and discussion on nutrition issues. Tunisia and Morocco have organized exhibitions and seminars. The public and several organizations in Nigeria got involved in feeding programs such as Foodbank Nigeria in order to associate with community-based organizations, stakeholders in food production, wholesalers and agro-allied industries for addressing food security challenges.
Northern Nigeria is unstable since 2009. According to AAH (Action against Hunger), the humanitarian organization established in Nigeria, the constant and intensified humanitarian crisis in Northeast Nigeria has resulted into dislocation of approximately 1.5 million people; it also caused around four million people to face acute food insecurity and need the assistance of Action Against Hunger. Since 2010, the AAH has been working with the national agencies and local communities to construct food capacity in order to fight the deadly malnutrition caused by food insecurity.
Thousands of people in Chad have attended conferences, debates and activities including folk dance, films, theatre; the project sites have also been visited by the countrymen and various agricultural companies.
Argentina also celebrates WFD where senior executives of the Government, international organizations, academics, and the media have participated in the main celebration. A National Campaign for “Mexico without Hunger” was held in 2005 in Mexico in order to mark WFD; the function was participated and supported by numerous students and civil society.
Uruguayan coin was dedicated to the WFD in 1981. Various local communities in Chile organized exhibitions of indigenous food products to mark WFD.
In Venezuela, national coverage of all events is held on the WFD.
In Cuba, food producers are given opportunity on the WFD to exchange experiences and views at an agricultural fair organized on the WFD. The press also supports awareness campaigns on World Food Day to make people aware of the food and food security.
Even though, agriculture is highly important and one of the major driving forces in the economies of various developing countries, this critical sector is often starved of investment. In specific, the foreign aid to agriculture has shown remarkable declines in the past 20 years. Food and its security are of utmost importance to every country worldwide. Government organizations and the private institutes must join hands for organizing events, debates, discussion, etc on the World Food Day for making general people aware of the security of the food in days of crisis and importance of agriculture to grow sufficient food. World Food Day is the best platform for creating such awareness.