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League Of Nations 1920s Essay Question

‘a’  questions

1. What were the aims of the League of Nations?

2. Describe two successes of the League of Nations in the 1920s.

3. What were the successes of the League in the 1920s?

4. Describe the structure of the League.

5. What was the role of :    a) The Assembly     b) The Council

6. Describe the role and work of two of the League’s agencies.

7. Describe how the League of Nations tried to improve living and working conditions around the world.

8. Describe how the League of Nations tried to prevent future wars between nations?

9. Describe the deficiencies of Britain and France as leaders of the League of Nations.

10. What were the main weaknesses in the structure and organisation of the League of Nations?

11. What was the Covenant?

12. What was ‘collective security’?

13. What was the Conference of Ambassadors?

14. Describe the Vilna crisis.

15. Describe the Corfu incident (1923).

16. What was the Geneva Protocol?

17. What were the Locarno Treaties(1925)? What was the Locarno Pact(1925)?

18. What was the Mukden incident?

19. Describe the Manchurian Crisis.

20. What was the Lytton Report?

21. Describe the Disarmament Conference(1932-1933).

22. What was the Hoare-Laval Pact?

‘b’ questions

1. Why did Woodrow Wilson want a ‘league of nations’?

2. Why did its structure and membership weaken the League?

3. Why was the League dominated by Britain and France?

4. Why did some countries regard the League with suspicion?/ Why did some countries view the setting up the League of Nations with suspicion?

5. Why did the USA decide not to become a member of the League?

6. Why did the USA’s failure to become a member create problems for the League?

7. Why was the League able to achieve some successes in dealing with international disputes in the 1920s?

8. Why was the League unable to achieve its main aims?

9. Why did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult?

10. Why did Japan invade Manchuria in 1931?

11. Why did the League fail to deal with Japanese aggression against Manchuria?

12. Why did the League fail to solve the Manchurian crisis?

13. Why did the Disarmament Conference(1932-1933) fail?

14. Why did Italy/Mussolini  invade Abyssinia?

15. Why was the Hoare-Laval Pact important?

16. Why did the League fail to solve the Abyssinian crisis?

17. Why was the conquest of Abyssinia not prevented by the League of Nations?

‘c’ questions

1. How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with disputes during the 1920s?Explain your answer.

2. How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s?

3. How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer.

4. How far was the League of Nations a success? Explain your answer.

5. ‘It was the Abyssinian crisis that destroyed the League of Nations as an effective peacekeeping body’. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

6.Which was the most important cause of the failure of the League of Nations – the World Depression of the 1930s or the invasion of Abyssinia? Explain your answer.

7. ‘It was the Hoare-Laval Plan rather than the World Depression that destroyed the League. How far do you agree?

8. How far was the Disarmament Conference (1932-1933) responsible for the collapse of the League?

9. How far were the League’s structural weaknesses responsible for its failure?

10. How far was the absence of the USA responsible for the failure of the League?


The League of Nations was doomed from the start.

The USA was responsible for the collapse of the League.

The Depression destroyed the League of Nations.

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Evaluation of The League of Nations in the 1920's

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Evaluation of The League of Nations in the 1920's

The League of Nations was formed for one main reason: to ensure that a
war like world war one NEVER broke out again. It wanted to promote
international co-operation and to achieve international peace and
security, as well as raise living conditions of men and women
worldwide. It planned to do this by having a Covenant that all nations
should follow, whether or not they were in the League. The Covenant

To promote international co-operation and to achieve international
peace and security:

1. By the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war.

2. By the prescription of open just and honourable relations between

3. By the firm establishment of international law as the rule of
conduct between governments.

4. By the maintenance of justice and a scrupulous respect for all
treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one

The nations that were in the League were most of the world, with the
exception of the defeated nations of World War One (Germany, Austria,
Hungary) who were refused entry and the USA, who refused to join. The
main nations in the League were Britain, France and Italy, because
they were powerful nations at the time. When part of the covenant of
the League was broken, the League could respond with sanctions. There
were three.

Verbal Sanctions: warning an aggressor nation that she would need to
leave another nation's territory or face the consequences.

Economic Sanctions: financially hit the aggressor nation so that she
would do as the League required.

Physical sanction: military force would be used. But, there was no
army that the League could summon directly. They had to be pulled from
a country's army, and no country HAD to give an army.

Now, the League did have successes. Examples of these are Upper
Silesia in 1921.

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In Upper Silesia, the Treaty of Versailles gave the
inhabitants a vote to see if they wanted to be a part of Poland or
Germany. Unfortunately, this could not be decided by the inhabitants
of Upper Silesia and could have gone on a quick downward spiral into
fighting. To prevent this from happening, the League came in and split
Upper Silesia between Poland and Germany in equal amounts. This was a
peaceful solution and the problem was resolved. Upper Silesia's
situation was a success.

It was a success because it was within the League's power to stop the
possible conflict. The country's involved were not major parts, and
Upper Silesiawas a small country not capable of a major fight, but
yet, it could still stir trouble. But the League was able to
manipulate Upper Silesia and divide it without a problem, because
there was no major force preventing them from doing it. Other
successes of the League of the same fashion were the Aaland Islands of
1921 in which Finland and Sweden disputed over a small set of islands
and the Greco/ Bulgarian Border Patrol incident. These were both
resolved peacefully due to the involved nation's lack of power.

The failures of the League however where on a much higher note. An
example of this was the Division of the Ruhr in 1923, where Germany
had gotten behind in it's war reparation's, and France and Belgium
invaded the Ruhr to seize coal mines and get money from them which was
not paid in the reparations. The League did not act upon this
whatsoever. The occupation ended in 1924 when the invader nations left
on their own will.

The reason why the League was powerless on this matter was because it
needed French support, and by trying to interfere in this matter, they
would have lost it. France was too much of a nation to lose from the
League and also too big to put on any sanctions that could affect it.
There was a similar situation like this when Poland invaded Vilna in
1920 due to the population of Pole's there, and the League did nothing
due to Russian proximity. They did not want to tick Russia off as they
knew it was not a good idea to do so. The bigger the nations were, the
harder it was for the League to deal with them.

In my conclusion, I think that the League of Nations was a big fat
failure. It's failures far exceeded it's small successes. The small
countries that were involved in the smaller disputes were willing to
accept the authority of the League, but when a greater power was
involved (French invasion of the Ruhr), the League's authority proved
to be ineffective. It appeared that the League could not deal with
determined aggressors, which was later shown in Japanese and Italian
aggressions, which could not be stopped by the League's actions.

Not only that, there were some situations that did not defy the
League's covenant yet still counted towards the failure of the League.
They could NOT achieve disarmaments. Like the Washington Naval
Agreement of 1922 in which the USA, Britain, France and Japan agreed
to reduce their fleets, but the League played no part in. Another is
that the League was not invited to talks between the great powers and
Germany relating to the future of the Treaty of Versailles agreement.

Another mistake of the League was to refuse the defeated nation's
entry to the League at first. Maybe if this happened, it could have
stopped German anger at the Treaty of Versailles and possibly stopped
World War 2.

And, last but not least, the League was effectively disbanded upon the
breakout of World War Two. If it was successful, a war would not have
broken out and it would never have disbanded.

How can something with so many failures be successful? Well, it can't.
And that is my view upon it.

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