1 Mulkis

Jomalate Asheghane Ali Shariati Bibliography

1. Letters to the Intimate ones
▪To My Father (teacher and mentor), Wife and Child
▪To Friends, Brothers and Sisters
▪To you two, the Martyrs: O’ brother and Sister
▪The Two Wills
▪Last Writings
▪Last words with you: O’ Omnipotent Divine Lord
▪Copies of Some Original Scripts

2. The Education of a Revolutionary
▪ How to Persevere
▪ Mysticism, Justice and Liberty
▪ Love, Monotheism
▪ O, Freedom, Celebrate Freedom
▪ Education of a Revolutionary
▪ Inner-most Spiritual Reflections
▪ The Salutations of Prayer
▪ Horr, the Martyr
▪ The Momentous Night
▪ Ascension to the Heavens

3. Abu-Dhar
▪ Chapter 1: Abu-Dhar Ghafari
▪ Chapter 2: Once again Abu-Dhar (text)
▪ Once again Abu-Dhar (preface to the drama)

4. Return to the Self
▪ Return
▪ Chapter 1: Return to the Self
▪ The lines sharply drawn
▪ Miracle of Consciousness and Faith
▪ Which self do we return to?
▪ Chapter 2: Return to which self?
▪ Destiny of thoughts
▪ Modernist reformers
▪ Revolutionary Political Leftists
▪ History and Society
▪ What point in History are we?
▪ Philosophy and science of History
▪ Marxism and the direction of History
▪ Intellectuals’ Commitment
▪ Historical Determinism
▪ Intellectual’s Prophetic Mission
▪ Assimilation
▪ The Cessation of History
▪ Historical Conscience
▪ Recollection of the Historical Self in the Orient
▪ Pseudo-Modernization
▪ Colonialism and Assimilation
▪ Cosmetic versus True Reform
▪ Committed Intellectual or the educated
▪ Colonization of Africa
▪ The Failure of Marxists Analysis of Colonialism
▪ Marxism and Analysis of Sub-Structure
▪ Nationalism and Marxism
▪ Understandings of Religion
▪ Sociology and Social Commitment
▪ Techniques of Becoming Intellectual
▪ Three Bases
▪ The Relationship between Science and Practice
▪ Critical years - What is to be done?
▪ The Critical Insight of Intellectuals
▪ Scientism
▪ Geography (context) of Words
▪ The Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Today’s Society
▪ The Summary of the Discussion
▪ We have Various Cultural Historical Identities
▪ Intellectual as Conscious thinker, Ideologue
▪ The Appropriateness of Political/Social Theories in the Process of Total Liberation
▪ Materialism
▪ Marx, Socialism and Materialism
▪ My worldview, based on a spiritual interpretation of the world.
▪ Fanon’s Will

5. Iqbal and Us
Book one
▪ Iqbal, the Reformist of the Century
▪ As a Muslim in this Age:
▪ His/her Existential pains and Issues
▪ The 20th Century and my Pains
▪ Islam Traumatized, and Ali Devastated
▪ Revitalization
Book Two
▪ Iqbal and us
▪ The 20th Century
▪ God the Infinite
▪ We
▪ Iqbal
▪ Authentic Islamic View
▪ Iqbal’s Worldview
▪ Visions in Search of the Spiritual Meaning
▪ Islam as the Cultural Force, Threatening Systems of Power and Reaction
▪ Religion against Religion
▪ Our Society’s Intellectual Wave
▪ Our Society’s Exposure to the West
▪ Socialism
▪ The World we live in
▪ Attachments
▪ Copies of Some Original Scripts
▪ References
▪ Notes and Explanations
▪ List of Qoran’s Verses
▪ List of Persons, Tribes and Sects
▪ List of Locations and Institutions
▪ List of Articles and Books
▪List of Subjects, Concepts and Expressions

6. Hajj (Pilgrimage)
▪ Some Comments to the Reader
▪ Inverted Cloak
▪ 23 years in 23 days
▪ Rendezvous with Abraham
▪ Hajj Customs
▪ Greater Hajj
▪ Greater than Hajj: Martyrdom

7. Shiaism
▪ Book 1: Shia a Complete Party
▪ Book 2: The Role of Historical Characters and Memory in Shia History
▪ Book 3: the Responsibility and Commitments of being a Shia

8. Supplication (Prayer)
▪ Book 1: Prayer by Alexis Karl
▪ Book 2: Sajjad School
▪ Book 3: Prayer: Text
▪ Book 4: The Most Exquisite Spirit of the Worshipper

9. Alavid Shiaism and Safavid Shiaism
▪ Red Shiaism and Black Shiaism
▪ Alavid Shiaism and Safavid Shiaism

10. Social Class Analysis in Islam
▪ Book 1 - 3
(A Collective list of several titles which emphasize the difference between Islam and the Islam portrayed to justify governing rulers)

11. History of Civilization (Vol. 1)
▪ What is Civilization?
▪General Discussion on Civilization and Culture
▪ The Definitions of History
▪ Various Schools in the field of History, and their methods of Research
▪ Why Myths are the Soul of all World Civilizations?
▪ The history of Chinese Civilization
▪ Chinese Insights

12. History of Civilization (Vol. II)
▪ Spectacular Event in History
▪ Characteristics of Contemporary Century
▪ General Discussions on World view and Culture
▪ Worldview and Context
▪ Political Trends in Contemporary Times
▪ Issues of Self-Discovery
▪ Particularities of Contemporary Civilization

13. Descent in Desert
▪ The Fall
▪ Desert
▪ Attachments:
▪ An Explanation of ‘Creation Anthem’
▪ Idolatry (Totemism)
▪ Dear Friends

14. History and Study of World Religions (Vol. I)
▪ Lesson 1- 7

15. History and Study of World Religions (Vol. II)
▪ Lesson 8 -14

16. Islamology I (Hosseineyeh-Ershad Classes)
▪ Lesson 1 - 9

17. Islamology II
▪ Lesson 10 - 17

18. Islamology III
▪ Lesson 19 - 27
(Islamogy volumes are the continuation of "History and Study of World Religions" in Ershad which includes: Monotheism, Philosophy of History, Comparative Study between Islam and other western ideologies such as Socialism, Marxism, Existentialism, Capitalism, ...etc.)

19. Hossein, Adam’s Heir
▪ Hossein, Adam’s heir
▪ The Avenger
▪ Martyrdom
▪ After Martyrdom
▪ A Discussion on the “Martyr”
▪ Historical Insight of Shiism
▪ Messianic Awaiting, the Doctrine of Protest
▪ Attachments:
▪ The philosophy of History in Islam
▪ Martyred Teacher’s (Dr. Shariati) Preface to the Book: Hojr-ibn Adi

20. What is to Be Done!?
▪ A Message of Hope to the Enlightened Thinker (an Interpretation of Sureh Rum)
▪ The Social Mission of the Committed Intellectual
▪ Geometry of Cultural Sociology
▪ Third Way
▪ Self-awareness and Religious Alienation
▪ Where Shall We Begin?
▪ Extraction and Refinement of Cultural Resources
▪ What is to be done?
▪ Who is the Committed Intellectual?
▪ Attachments:
▪ Intellectual’s Connection to Society
▪ Questions and Answer

21. Woman
▪ Fatima is Fatima
▪ Expectations from a Muslim Woman
▪ The Seminar on “Woman”
▪ Attachment:
▪ Veil

22. Religion Against Religion
▪ Religion against Religion
▪ Father, Mother, We are Responsible
▪ Yah, Brother, That’s the Way it was
▪ Attachments:
▪ Toinby, Civilization, and Religion
▪ Goodbye, the Place of Martyrdom
▪ If there were no Pope and Marx never came along
▪ Round▪table Discussion: Question and Answer Period

23. World-View and Ideology
▪ Foreword by the Publisher
▪ Worldview
▪ A Comparative Analysis of different Worldviews
▪ A Class Analysis of Cain and Abel
▪ The Monotheistic Worldview and the Polytheistic Worldview
▪ Bourgeois Class and the Materialistic Worldview
▪ Monotheism and Polytheism
▪ The Significance of Monotheism
▪ Ideology (I)
▪ Distinguishing Ideology from Science and philosophy
▪ Distinguishing Ideology from Religion, Two Distinct Readings of Religion
▪ The role of Ideology in Modern centuries
▪ Ideology, the Committed Intellectual’s Distinction
▪ Ideology (II) Questions and Answers
▪ Ideology (III)
▪ Culture and Ideology
▪ Introduction
1) Culture
2) Civilization
▪ Universal Culture and Civilization
▪ Ethnic Culture and Civilization
▪ Cultural Capital
▪ Philosophical Approach
▪ Scientific Approach
▪ Technical Approach
▪ Socio-Political Approach
▪ The Artistic Conscience
▪ Religious-Gnostic Conscience
3) Ideology
▪ Significance of this Humane Self-Consciousness
▪ Posing the Issue the Other Way Around
▪ What’s Ideology?
▪ Islamic Society
▪ Civilization in Medina
▪ Self-Awareness
▪ What’s “Wisdom?”
▪ Conclusion
▪ Ideology (IV)
▪ Ideology (V)
▪ Messianic Awaiting, Historical Determinism and Human Will
▪ Dialectics and its relation to the Materialistic and the Monotheistic Worldview
▪ Dialectical Understanding of “Man” in Islamic Doctrine.
▪ The Place of Ideology in two Opposing Worldviews
▪ Material Symbols to illustrate Ideological and Spiritual Concepts
▪ Challenging Reactionary Idols
▪ Diverse Schemes against Revolutionary Islam
▪ Attachments
▪ Questions and Answers
▪ Taboo Mediation verses Ideological/Rational Mediation
▪ Migration and Civilization
▪ The role of Migration (and Movement) in the Birth Civilizations
▪ The Impact of Crusader Migrations, and “Travel” in Changing Western Medieval Society
▪ Islam’s Objective Sub-Structure and Subjective Super-Structures
▪ The Impact of Migration in the Development of Worldviews
▪ The Concept and Types of Migration in Qoran
▪ Index

24. Man (Human)
▪ Man and Islam
▪ Liberty
▪ Man, Islam and Occidental Schools of Thought
▪ Man as the Free Agent - Liberation of Man
▪ Man and History
▪ Existentialism
▪ Attachments:
▪ Solitude
▪ The Philosophy of “Man’s” Creation

25. Man as Self-“Less” Alienated Being
▪ Humanism in the West and the East
▪ Rebellion of “Man”
▪ Four Prisons of “Man” (Nature, History, Society and “Self”) (Abadan University conference)
▪ Four Prisons of “Man” (Nature, History, Society and “Self”) (Lecture in the College of Social Services)
▪ Man As Self-“Less” Alienated Being
▪ Perfect “Man”
▪ Modern Reactionaries
▪ Requirements of the Modern “Man”
▪ Some Words about this Book
▪ Wishes
▪ Attachment:
▪ The Tragic End of Young’s Life

26. Ali
▪ Translation and interpretation of 32nd sermon of Nahhjul-balaqeh
▪ Ali, as Reflection of myths
▪ Our century in Pursuit of Ali
▪ Ali by Himself and Alone
▪ What need is there for Ali?
▪ Ali, Committed to a United Front
▪ Oppressors, Heretics and Treacherous Ones
▪ Ali Followers and their sufferings
▪ Impact of Ali’s Life Beyond his Mortal Death
▪ The Islamic Community and the place of Leadership
▪ Attachment:
▪ Ali and History

27. Recognition of Iranian-Islamic Identity
▪ Islamic history of Iran up to Safavid Period
▪ Return to “Self”
▪ Islamic Renaissance in the Century at a Glance
▪ Regrets
▪ Attachments:
▪ Shiism : Meeting of Semitic and Aryan Spirits
▪ Neighbouring Counties

28. Methods in Study and Understanding of Islam
Book One:
▪ Arabs Prior to Islam
Book Two:
▪ Method in Study and understanding of Islam
▪ The Prophet’s Personal Characteristics
▪ From Hijra to his Death
▪ Examining Some Historic Events in Early Islam
▪ Salmaan the “Pure”
▪ A Short Study of Imam Reza’s Title, ‘Heir to the Throne’
Book Three:
▪ School of Islamic Education
▪ Attachments:
▪ The Necessity of Study of Islamic History and Civilization
▪ ‘God’ in Different Religions
▪ Concept of Worldview in Open and Closed Societies
▪ Qoran and Computer
▪ Principles of Following Religious Leaders
▪ Service and True Reform
▪ Cultural Geography of Saudi Arabia
▪ A Look at Qoran

29. Rendezvous with Abraham
▪ Rendezvous with Abraham
▪ The lectures of Hajj trip in 1970
▪ The lecture of Hajj trip in 1971
▪ Attachments:
▪ History and its Place in Islam
▪ The Curve of ‘Man’s” Progressive Evolution
▪ Ali’s book: for Tomorrow, for Ever book
▪ Consistent Standards in Education
▪ Islamic Knowledge
▪ The Necessary Role of Typology in Writing Biographies
▪ Death, a Message to the Living

30. Islamogy
▪ What is the Significane of History of Islam?
▪ What is Islam?
▪ Fundamental Basis of Original Islam?
▪ Who is Mohammad?
▪ Recognizing Mohammad?
▪ Visage of Mohammad?

31. Characteristics of Modern Centuries
▪ History of the Evolution of Philosophy
▪ Methodology of Science
▪ The Economic Roots of Renaissance
▪ A Look at Ancient, Medieval and Modern Centuries
▪ A Brief Review of Medieval and Modern Characteristics
▪ A Glance at Tomorrow’s History
▪ Neo-‘Scholastics’
▪ Machine in Captivity of Technology
▪ Civilization and Pseudo-Modernization
▪ Place of Class Consciousness
▪ The Avant-Garde’s Belief in “Return to Self” (in the 3rd World)
▪ Attachments
▪ Dynamic and Static Worldview
▪ Hijra Basis for Dynamic Worldview
▪ ‘Scientific’ Sociology
▪ Darwinism, Homogenize of Civilizations
▪ The 3rd World Speaks for Itself
▪ Realistic and Pseudo-Intellectuals Position Vis-à-vis Religion
▪ True Moral Role Models are to be found in Islam
▪ Preface to the Conference on Hasan Al’amin

32. Art
▪ Art Awaiting the Saviour
▪ Religion as a Door, and Art the Window to the Soul
▪ Art as Critique of Status Quo
▪ On Literature and Criticism
▪ Play: Oppression and Justice
▪ A Selection of Poems
▪ Attachments
▪ What is Poetry?
▪ A Lesson and an Anecdote

33. Monologues in Solitude (Vol. I - II)
▪ Contains titles and hand-wriiten notes of Ershad period that was never published. They are personal notes about his own biography, and his family's social, political, and religious background.

34. Personal Letters
▪ Letters to Spouse
▪ Letters to Children
▪ Letter to Uncle
▪ Message to Homayoun
▪ Letters to Kazem
▪ Letter to Friend
▪ Letter to Abdolali Bazargan
▪ Letter to Friends
▪ Letters to Charitable Fund Organization
▪ Letter to Ayatollah Milani
▪ Letter to Chair of Department of Literature
▪ Letter to my Un-seen Brother, and Un-known Relative

35. An Assortment of Writings (Vol. I - II)
Volume I:
▪ History, Society
▪ “Man”
▪ Understanding “Islam”
▪ The Medieval and Modern Centuries
▪ Religion, Gnosis and Idealism
▪ Art
▪ Monologues in Solitude
▪ Ershad Institute
▪ Letters
Volume II:
▪ Children and Teenagers
▪ “One,” Followed by an Eternity of Zeros
▪ Articles
▪ A Selection of Notes
▪ Translations
▪ Photos of Handwritten Notes.

36. Writings from Youth Age
Part One:
▪ Writings from Youth age
▪ Articles published in Khorasan paper
▪ Shariati's Ethics
▪ Articles published in "Free Iran"
▪ Khorasan Guide
1) People of Khorasan
2) City of Mashhad
3) Suburbs and Country's of Mashhad, Springs and Dams
4) Khorasan's Counties
Part Two:
▪ Works from his middle-age time including three lectures
Part Three:
▪ Woman's Vow
▪ Waterfall Bird
▪ Silk Rose
▪ Brutal Crime
▪ Kazem's Martyrdom
▪ Iraq, Country of Rebillions
▪ Black Storm
▪ Letter to Ayatollah Motahari


Dr. Ali Shariati was born in Mazinan, a suburb of Sabzevar, Iran. He completed his elementary and high school in Mashhad. In his years at the Teacher's Training College, he came into contact with youth who were from the lower economic strata of the society and tasted the poverty and hardship that existed.

At the age of eighteen, he started as a teacher and ever since had been a student as well as a teacher. After graduating from college in 1960, on a scholarship he pursued graduate studies in France. Dr. Shariati, an honor student, received his doctorate in sociology in 1964 from Sorbonne University.

When he returned to Iran he was arrested at the border and imprisoned on the pretext that he had participated in political activities while studying in France. Released in 1965, he began teaching again at Mashhad University. As a Muslim sociologist, he sought to explain the problems of Muslim societies in the light of Islamic principles-explaining them and discussing them with his students. Very soon he gained popularity with the students and different social classes in Iran. For this reason, the regime felt obliged to discontinue his courses at the university.

Then he was transferred to Teheran. There, Dr. Shariati continued his very active and brilliant career. His lectures at Houssein-e-Ershad Religious Institute attracted not only six thousand students who registered in his summer classes, but also many thousands of people from different backgrounds who were fascinated by his teachings.

The first edition of his book ran over sixty thousand copies which were quickly sold-out, despite the obstructive interference by the authorities in Iran. Faced with the outstanding success of Dr. Shariati's courses, the Iranian police surrounded Houssein-e-Ershad Institute, arrested many of his followers and thereby put an end to his activities. For the second time, he underwent an eighteen month prison term under extremely harsh conditions. Popular pressure and international protests obliged the Iranian regime to release Dr. Shariati on March 20, 1975. However, he remained under close surveillance by the security agents of Iran. This was no freedom at all since he could neither publish his thoughts nor contact his students. Under such stifling conditions according to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), he realized that he should migrate out of the country. Successful in his attempt, he went to England but was martyred three weeks later on June 19, 1977 by the ubiquitous SAVAK.

Dr. Shariati studied and experienced many philosophical, theological and social schools of thought with an Islamic view. One could say that he was a Muslim Muhajir who rose from the depth of the ocean of eastern mysticism, ascended to the heights of the formidable mountains of western social sciences, yet was not overwhelmed, and he returned to our midst with all the jewels of this fantastic voyage.

He was neither a reactionary fanatic who opposed anything that was new without any knowledge nor was he of the so-called westernized intellectuals who imitated the west without independent judgment.
Knowledgeable about the conditions and forces of his time, he began his Islamic revival with enlightenment of the masses, particularly the youth. He believed that if these elements of the society had true faith, they would totally dedicate themselves and become active and Mujahid elements who would give every thing including their lives-for their ideals.

Dr. Shariati constantly fought to create humanitarian values in the young generation, a generation whose values have been defaced with the help of the most scientific and technical methods. He vigorously tried to re-introduce the Quran and Islamic history to the youth so that they may find their true selves in all their human dimensions and fight all the decadent societal forces.

Dr. Shariati wrote many books. In all his writings, he tried to present a clear and genuine picture of Islam. He strongly believed that if the intellectual and new generation realized the truth of this faith, attempts toward social change would be successful.


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