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Fairness Essays

Justice and Fairness Essay

1261 Words6 Pages

In Nickel and Dimed, Barbara Ehrenreich delves into the `third world' of America while attempting to make a living. She undertakes many noble trades, working in low wage and underappreciated jobs while of trying to figure out how the people of this country do it everyday. She works at Hearthside and Jerry's in Florida waitressing, with The Maids in Maine cleaning houses, and with Wal-Mart in Minnesota, serving their `guests', all while earning the minimum wage. She also looks to examine the functional and conflict theories of stratification as they relate to the low wage jobs she pursues.

Two very different ideas are presented in the hierarchy of humanity. These are the theories of stratification. The first is the functionalist theory…show more content…

This entire project must be accomplished only on what she makes in her low-paying jobs. Her goal is to determine what it will take to survive, and if possible, actually live on her wages, and try to get by in these jobs she selects.

The journey begins in her home state, Florida. Ehrenreich decides that she will start in a place that is relatively familiar to her, Key West. In this locale, she decides on waitressing as the job that will sustain her. She lands a job at a hotel restaurant, Hearthsides. Right off, Ehrenreich begins notice little things about the people and their habits. The most startling, and yet interesting, is the way they work. She makes note, that the employees only work just hard enough not to get fired. There is no incentive for them to get done with the dishes five minutes early, they will just be assigned a new job. This is part of the conflict theory, the employees are not being rewarded, rather exploited by upper management to fulfill more duties on a constant basis. This habit actually makes less work get done, and only hurts the restaurant, as work is done much slower, and less gets done in a day. The next rant/observation she makes, regards the rules, management, and Stu (her boss). On a continual basis, the employees at Hearthside are berated and belittled, made to feel like less of a person. They are given

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Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Andrew Dobson

Abstract

Contributors to this edited book consider the normative issues at stake in the relationship between environmental sustainability and social justice. If future generations are owed justice, what should we bequeath them? Is ‘sustainability’ an appropriate medium for environmentalists to express their demands? Is environmental protection compatible with justice within generations? Is environmental sustainability a luxury when social peace has broken down? The contested nature of sustainable development is considered––is it a useful concept at all any longer? Is it reconcilable with capital accumu ... More

Contributors to this edited book consider the normative issues at stake in the relationship between environmental sustainability and social justice. If future generations are owed justice, what should we bequeath them? Is ‘sustainability’ an appropriate medium for environmentalists to express their demands? Is environmental protection compatible with justice within generations? Is environmental sustainability a luxury when social peace has broken down? The contested nature of sustainable development is considered––is it a useful concept at all any longer? Is it reconcilable with capital accumulation? Liberal––particularly Rawlsian––and socialist notions of justice are tested against the demands of sustainability, and policy instruments for sustainability––such as environmental taxation––are examined for their distributive effects.

Keywords: distribution, environmental sustainability, environmentalism, generations, John, liberalism, policy, Rawls, social justice, socialism, sustainable development

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1999Print ISBN-13: 9780198294894
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003DOI:10.1093/0198294891.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Andrew Dobson, editor
Keele University
Author Webpage

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