G W Leibniz Philosophical Essays
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, one of the last real polymaths, was born in Leipzig. Educated there and at the Universities at Jena and Altdorf, he then served as a diplomat for the Elector of Mainz and was sent to Paris, where he lived for a few years and came into contact with leading scientists, philosophers, and theologians. During a trip to England, he was elected to the Royal Society; he made a visit to Holland to meet Spinoza. Back in Germany he became librarian to the Duke of Brunswick, whose library was the largest in Europe outside the Vatican. From there he became involved in government affairs in Hanover and later settled in Berlin at the court of Queen Sophie Charlotte of Prussia. Leibniz was involved in the diplomatic negotiations that led to the Hanoverian succession to the English throne. From his university days he showed an interest in mathematics, logic, physics, law, linguistics, and history, as well as theology and practical political affairs. He discovered calculus independently of Newton and had a protracted squabble about which of them should be given credit for the achievement. The developer of much of what is now modern logic, he discovered some important physical laws and offered a physical theory that is close to some twentieth-century conceptions. Leibniz was interested in developing a universal language and tried to master the elements of all languages. Leibniz corresponded widely with scholars all over Europe and with some Jesuit missionaries in China. His philosophy was largely worked out in answer to those of other thinkers, such as Locke, Malebranche, Bayle, and Arnauld. Although he published comparatively little during his lifetime, Leibniz left an enormous mass of unpublished papers, drafts of works, and notes on topics of interest. His library, which has been preserved, contains annotations, analyses, and often refutations of works he read. The project of publishing all of his writings, undertaken in the 1920s by the Prussian Academy, was delayed by World War II but was resumed thereafter. It is not likely that the project will be completed in the twentieth century.
Roger Ariew is Professor of Philosophy, University of South Florida.
Daniel Garber is professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago.
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LEIBNIZ - AN UNIVERSAL PHILOSOPHER
LEIBNIZ RESOURCES AT UMKC
Leibniz electronic mailing list, maintained by George Gale
GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNIZ
Leibniz biography and weblinks
An article by Andrew Youpa, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
TEXTS AND TRANSLATIONS
Donald Rutherford's site
THE LEIBNIZ - BOUVET CORRESPONDENCE
English translations (by Berkowitz and Cook) of this important correspondence
EARLY MODERN TEXTS
Jonathan Bennett's collection of texts from early modern philosophy
Brazilian Leibniz site, with Portugese translations and Leibniz links
SOCIEDAD ESPAÑOLA LEIBNIZ
Spanish Leibniz Society
Philosophy resources on the internet
GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ - PHILOSOPHY PAGES
Leibniz information and links
Best of the web: Arts & Humanities
AN INTRODUCTION TO LEIBNIZ
A discussion of the validity and meaning of the major Leibnizian points of argument
PHILOSOPHY ON THE INTERNET
A huge web directory, with some Leibniz links
THE CHICAGO AREA CONSORTIUM ON GERMAN PHILOSOPHY
Links to sites on Leibniz and other German philosophers
Welcome to leibniz-translations.com. On this site you will find English translations of various papers by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716), including many not previously available in English. The site is usually updated every 4 months or so (last update: January 2018).
There are currently translations of around 180 texts on this site. The full list is given further down this page. Alternatively, if you are searching for texts within a particular area of Leibniz's thought, select one of the options below for a list of available texts in that area.
Texts on this site fall into one of the following categories:
MIND, BODY AND SOUL
FREE WILL AND NECESSITY
POLITICS, LAW AND ETHICS
Please note: The translations presented here are original and therefore copyrighted. If passages are quoted (in essays, dissertations, theses or other works, written or otherwise) then references must be made in the proper academic way. That is, the quoted passages must be attributed to the author, and the source of the translation (i.e. this website) must be cited. No more than 5% of these translations can be reproduced elsewhere without permission of the author.
ESSAYS, PAPERS AND PROJECTS: (in chronological order)
*** = new addition
LETTERS: (in chronological order)
In addition to all of the above, portions of a further 16 texts - offcuts from my anthology - are available by clicking here or the picture of the front cover to the book (at the top of this page).